After mating, the female green June beetle flies close to the turf or grass surface, selects a site (preferably moist, organic soil), and digs several inches into the soil. Also known as Cotinis nitida, most of the damage caused by this grub occurs during September and early October. Adult green June beetles are active fliers during the sunny portions of the day, making a loud buzzing sound as they fly. Following an insecticide application, grubs emerge from the ground the next evening and die on the turf or soil surface. The Japanese beetle will have white tufts emerging from the sides under the winged area. The bugs are easier to kill in the morning when they are least active. The length is about 3/8 inch with a bronze colored body and metallic green head. Beetle larva can be controlled using milky spore disease (Bacillus popilliae),[3] which occurs naturally in some larva. Beetles may be 1/2 to nearly 1 inch long. The green June beetle (top) and Japanese beetle, two grape pests. Patricia P. Cobb, Professor Emeritus, Entomology and Plant Pathology, Auburn University. The Green June Beetle is also known by the name(s) of: Green June Bug. Sod producers need to guard against this pest because the tunneling weakens the structural strength of the sod. Let’s look at what are June bugs and how to get rid of June bugs. Adults generally emerge in late-June and are active during the day, resting at night on plants, in thatch, or in compost. You can also verify the presence of green June beetle grubs by digging up with a shovel several samples at least 1 foot deep and 1 foot square. The margins of the body can range from light brown to orange yellow. Digging is the most accurate method but also the most trouble. It buzzes loudly and bounces off of objects while it flies. The pupal stage occurs in an oval cocoon constructed of dirt particles fastened together by a viscid fluid excreted by the larva. Larvae crawl on their backs using muscular pads on the back… Green June beetle grubs crawl on their backs with their legs in the air. Wait a few minutes, and observe what comes out of the ground. Cotinis nitida, commonly known as the green June beetle, June bug or June beetle, is a beetle of the family Scarabaeidae. Each female may lay as many as 75 eggs during a 2-week period. The "killing jar" is a little scary. Adults will feed on ripening fruits and may occasionally feed on plant leaves. Beetles may be 1/2 to nearly 1 inch long. Green June beetles belong to a large family of beetles called scarabs. The adult is from 15–22 mm (0.6–0.9 in) in length and 12 mm (0.5 in) in width. Larvae feed feed mainly on humus in the soil but will feed on grass roots. These red-brown beetles commonly appear in the Northern Hemisphere during warm spring evenings and are attracted to lights. Bird activity is a good indicator of turf insect infestations. The adult green June beetle (GJB), Cotinis nitida, is a type of June beetle known for its large size, metallic green wing covers, thick tan femurs, and voracious appetite for ripening and fermenting fruit. Beetles gain entry into undamaged fruit by gouging with the horn on the front of the head, then feeding on the flesh of the fruit. On turf, green June beetle control is site specific. The adults begin to appear in June after 18 days of the pupation period. Green June Beetle Green June Beetles ( Cotinis nitida ) are scarabs in the family Scarabaeidae and are very common throughout the Eastern United States. Adults produce a sound similar to that of bumble bees. Other articles where Green June beetle is discussed: flower chafer: The North American green June beetle (Cotinis nitida) is about 25 mm (1 inch) long, dull velvet green in colour, and edged in yellow and brown. The adult beetle is ¾ - 1 inch long and ½ inch wide. Japanese beetle (L), green june beetle (R). The Green June beetle is over one-half inch in length with dull velvety green wings and shiny, metallic green heads, legs and undersides. Beetles may be 1/2 to nearly 1 inch long. They might occasionally be confused with green June beetle grubs; however, bumble flower beetles are not known to cause extensive damage to turfgrass or pastures. This interferes with water up-take causing the plants to die. Treatments during early spring will probably give a lower percentage of control. The green June beetle has a one-year life cycle, and overwinters as a mature larva (grub). We promised to ONLY collect dead bugs. June beetles are also called May beetles because of the times of the year where they are seen the most. Adults emerge in late-June and are active during the day, resting at night on plants or in thatch. Identifying Green June Beetles. Females fly over the turf's surface early in the morning, while males fly from mid- to late morning. Well, this is Scolia dubia, which is a parasitoid of green June beetle, Cotinus nitida, larvae (grubs) located in the soil. Grubs are capable of pruning the roots of plants, particularly when the grubs occur in high numbers. Green June beetle adult. An adult June bug burrows into the soil during the day and emerges to feed right after dusk. In most years, the best time for grub control is August through October. The Green June beetle is over one-half inch in length with dull velvety green wings and shiny, metallic green heads, legs and undersides. Other white grubs remain in the soil and feed on the turfgrass roots. Also known as Cotinis nitida, most of the damage caused by this grub occurs during September and early October. Any of the pyrethroids, and Sevin, are effective for controlling the grubs, at any size, if applied late in the day. Adult beetles are 3/4th of an inch to 1 inch long. Then adults emerge from the soil to mate. Occasionally, adult green June beetles feed excessively and cause economic damage to grapes and small fruits. Short dark brown antennae split at the tips. 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Adult figeater beetles grow to approximately 1.25 inches (3.2 cm). Polyphylla decemlineata. The Japanese beetle will have white tufts emerging from the sides under the winged area. Colder climates may require longer. Adults are particularly attracted to rotting fruit which often occurs after an initial damage to sound fruit. Have you seen big green beetles in your California yard or garden? The Scientific name; Cotonis nitida, also known as the June Bug, or June beetle. Identifying Green June Beetles. Green June bugs are large velvety, metallic green beetles. Fig-eater; Green June Bug. Also, watch where green June beetle adults fly during the summer. Milky spore treatment was first developed by the USDA in the 1930s to combat the Japanese beetle but milky spore controls the June bug and Oriental beetle as well. The margins of the elytra vary from light brown to orange yellow. Peak beetle flights begin during late June, thus the common southeastern name, June bug. Green June beetle adults are velvet green with orange or rust stripes along the outer margins of the wing covers. The underside of the body is shiny metallic green or gold. Or beetles feeding on your roses or other plants? Peak beetle flights begin during late June, thus the common southeastern name, June bug. 2008. The grubs will grow to about 40 mm (1.6 in) and are white with a brownish-black head and brown spiracles along the sides of the body. The Green June Beetle is typically 0.7 inches to 1.1 inches (20mm to 30mm) in size and has the following descriptors / identifiers: green, brown, black; shiny, metallic, buzzing; big; hefty; emerald; gold border; flying. Eggs of the metallic green beetle are usually lain on loamy to sandy soil around the end of the summer season and hatch after two weeks. It is found in the eastern United States and Canada, where it is most abundant in the South. It is found in the eastern United States and Canada, where it is most abundant in the South. Description: Beetles are about 1-inch long and 1/2-inch wide and are colored dull velvety-green on the top, with the sides of the shield behind the head (pronotum) and margins of the flattened wing covers (elytra) a brownish-yellow and underside a bright metallic green with orange-yellow areas. Female beetles fly over the grass surface early in the morning and settle into the grass just after daybreak. Cotinis nitida, commonly known as the green June beetle, June bug or June beetle,[1] is a beetle of the family Scarabaeidae. The green June beetle is one of the white grubs that may be found in lawns. Grubs pupate in cells in the soil during late April and May and remain in the pupal stage for 2 or 3 weeks. Green June bug grubs are a white beetle larvae that live in soil and chew up the roots of plants. Their odor and excrement may ruin fruit even if feeding damage is not severe. You can get rid of green June bugs with a beneficial bacteria that infects and kills the beetle. These beetles belong to the Scarabaeidae family and are popularly called ‘June Bugs’ or ‘May Bugs’, as they appear roughly around late May and throughout June. Adults also have a distinct, small, flat horn on the head. Cotinis nitida is a large bronze and metallic green beetle that is often seen in June and July flying in low, lazy circles just a few inches above lawns or turf grass. What are June Bugs? Species nitida (Green June Beetle) Other Common Names . Green June beetle adults are velvet green with orange or rust stripes along the outer margins of the wing covers. Peak beetle flights begin during late June, thus the common southeastern name, June bug. Pupation occurs after the third larval stage, which lasts nearly nine months. Over 200 species exist in the United States alone… can be tricky, but look for tunnels about the size of your finger (bigger than a pencil, for large grubs) going straight down from the center of the mound of dirt. Grubs of some related beetles, called Euphoria, or bumble flower beetles, also crawl on their backs. Beetles of Ohio Showcase listing of Beetles found in the state of Ohio. Another type of large green beetle is the green June beetle in the lower classification Scarabaeidae (scarab beetle).This beetle from the genus Cotinis is related to the figeater beetle with similar coloring to its cousin.One of the differences between the 2 species is that the green June beetle is more destructive. As adults, green June beetles feed on fruits such as apples, peaches, and figs. At these times, the larvae are subject to predation by raccoons, gophers, skunks, opossums, and chipmunks. The male is attracted by a strongly scented milky fluid secreted by the female. The adults produce a sound that resembles that of bumble bees. Young grubs begin to tunnel through the soil in search of food (organic matter). Green June beetle adults are velvet green with orange or rust stripes along the outer margins of the wing covers. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cotinis_nitida&oldid=984921682, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 22:02. The color varies from dull brown with irregular stripes of green to a uniform velvet green. The green June beetle has a one-year life cycle, and overwinters as a mature larva (grub). There are several different beetles which are referred to as “June bugs;” but green June beetles are the giant, greenish, iridescent ones that are nearly an inch long. The immature. Birds, armadillos, and skunks dig grubs out of turf and pastures, often causing even greater damage in the process. Adults will feed on ripening fruits (Figure 2) and may occasionally feed on plant leaves. The green June beetle has a one-year life cycle, and overwinters as a mature larva (grub). Injury has been reported to vegetables and ornamental plants, particularly those which have been mulched. During rainy periods, when the burrows of the larvae are flooded, the larvae will crawl to the surface. Green June Beetle, Cotinis nitida (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Peak beetle flights begin during late June, thus the common southeastern name, June bug. Common Name: Green June beetle Scientific Name: Cotinis nitida (Linnaeus) Order: Coleoptera Description: Beetles are about 1-inch long and 1/2-inch wide and are colored dull velvety-green on the top, with the sides of the shield behind the head (pronotum) and margins of the flattened wing covers (elytra) a brownish-yellow and underside a bright metallic green with orange-yellow areas. The larva normally travels on its back. Although green June beetle grubs prefer to feed on decaying organic matter, they can chew the tender roots of grass plants. It is sometimes confused with the related southwestern species figeater beetle Cotinis mutabilis, which is less destructive. Peak beetle flights begin during late June, thus the common southeastern name, June bug. There are several different species that are commonly called June bugs, and these include the Chafer Beetle, Green June Beetle, Japanese Beetle, and the Ten-Lined June Beetle. The ‘Green June Bug’ label is fitting, as adults make their buzzing appearance in the month of June. Green June beetles damage clusters by feeding on ripening berries. Overall size generally smaller than mutabilis, … In pasture situations, grazing cattle easily pull the plants growing in the loosened soil out of the ground. In some cases, the grubs do such a good job of aerification that control is considered to be undesirable. Below ground, large number of larva are consumed by moles. The adult is usually 15–22 mm (0.6–0.9 in) long with dull, metallic green wings; its sides are gold and the head, legs and underside are very bright shiny green. The complete life cycle for the green June beetle is one year.[2]. Once the mating process has taken place, the female will lay between 60 and 75 eggs underground during a two-week period. Green June beetle adults are velvet green with orange or rust stripes along the outer margins of the wing covers (Figure 1). Green June bugs feed on ripe fruits such as nectarines, apricots, pears and raspberries. Tunneling disrupts the contact between the plant roots and the soil. Under some circumstances, this insect, and some microbial pathogens, will control a green June beetle infestation. Because the grubs come up and wallow around in the materials, they work on even mature grubs very well. These large, metallic green beetles buzz loudly when they fly. The green June beetle is active during daylight hours. One of the most effective controls is used during the larva stage. The adult Green June beetle is ¾ to 1 inch long and ½ inch wide. Green June beetle scouts fly into vineyards from surrounding areas, then secrete aggregating hormones to attract other GJB. The insect is considered more injurious in its larval stages than as a beetle. Green June beetle adult on stem. Green June beetle grubs are large and are edible (Japanese beetle grubs are poisonous to chickens). The upper body of the June Beetle is velvety green to a dull-colored brown. In subfamily Cetoniinae: Cotinis nitida (Green June beetle) of the southeastern United States; Cotinis mutabilis (Figeater beetle) of the western and southwestern United States; The underside of the beetle is a metallic greenish or yellow. 15-27 mm . Green June beetles damage clusters by feeding on ripening berries. June beetle, also called June bug, genus of nearly 300 species of beetles belonging to the widely distributed plant-eating subfamily Melolonthinae. Females produce a sub… The length is about 3/8 inch with a bronze colored body and metallic green head. The female will crawl into the larva burrow and lay her eggs on the grub. The underside of the beetle is a metallic greenish or yellow. The immature. The fully grown larva color is glassy yellowish white shading toward green or blue at the head and tail. Adults emerge in late-June and are active during the day, resting at night on plants or in thatch. Green June Beetles are a lovely emerald green color with a tan, golden border. They are attracted to ripe and rotting fruit and compost piles. Beetles are about 1-inch long and 1/2-inch wide and are colored dull velvety-green on the top, with the sides of the shield behind the head (pronotum) and margins of the flattened wing covers (elytra) a brownish-yellow and underside a bright metallic green with orange-yellow areas. Adults will feed on ripening fruits (Figure 2) and may occasionally feed on plant leaves. Grubs can kill off large patches of your lawn. Mating occurs in the early morning. Usually, you can remove dead grubs from athletic fields or other frequently trafficked areas with a turf sweeper such as the ones used on golf courses. Resource(s): Insect Pests of Ornamental Plants. Green June Beetle. Other white grubs remain in the soil and feed on the turfgrass roots. This is especially true on rapidly growing, well-established bermudagrass that is not closely mowed. (Credit: A. Gutierrez) Originally posted August 26, 2016; edited July 10, 2018. A number of beetles are known as 'June Bugs' and most of them get this designation for appearing in the month of June. Newly emerged adults remain in the soil for an additional week or two. Green June beetle adult. Mark a landscape map with previously infested areas. A remote candidate for being mistaken as a Green Ladybug, but let’s start with this. They feed on many thin skinned crops including grapes, blackberries, raspberries, peaches, pears, plums, apples, and … Decaying grubs not only smell bad, but also may result in slick playing surfaces on athletic turf. The insect, sometimes called the blue winged wasp, attacks green June beetle grubs, and is, therefore, beneficial. They seem to have a propensity for flying into people in the forehead, throat, or stomach. Peak flights usually occur from June through July. Sift through the soil to find any insects. Green June beetle grubs are most abundant in sandy or sandy loam soil rich in organic matter. The grubs of the beetle are largely held in control by natural enemies.[2]. To determine which animal is creating mounds in an area, use a mixture of 1 or 2 tablespoons of lemon-scented dish detergent in 1 gallon of water. Green June beetles (Cotinis nitida), also called fig beetles, are large, metallic-green insects with yellow stripes on the wings. They are notorious for destroying vegetable and fruit crops, fruit growing on trees and even grass. These belong to the family Scarabaeidae. It is sometimes confused with the related southwestern species figeater beetle Cotinis mutabilis, which is less destructive. The tunnel will be open if it’s where the grub came up, or covered if it’s where it went back down into the ground. The green June beetle is one of the white grubs that may be found in lawns. Green June beetle definition is - a large metallic green and brown scarabaeid beetle (Cotinis nitida) of the eastern U.S. whose grubs are turf pests. Green June beetle grubs are different from most grub species in the southeastern United States in that they come out of the ground at night and move from one place to another. Note: Please understand that that insects do not adhere to man-drawn borders on a map as such they may be found beyond the general "reach" as showcased on our website. They typically come to the surface to feed. Identification . You will first begin to see them in June when the larva, or grubs as they are referred to, complete their final moult and emerge as adults. This wasp is blue-black in color, slightly longer than an inch. Green June beetle grubs are large and are edible (Japanese beetle grubs are poisonous to chickens). The eggs, when first laid, appear white and elliptical in shape, gradually becoming more spherical as the larvae develop. Their habitat extends from New Brunswick to Georgia, and as far west as California, with possible population crossover in Texas with their western cousin, the figeater beetle. Green June beetle definition is - a large metallic green and brown scarabaeid beetle (Cotinis nitida) of the eastern U.S. whose grubs are turf pests. Milky spore treatment was the first microbial product ever registered in the Green June beetles have a relatively long life cycle and are only capable of producing new off-springs once a year. They may become active during warm winter days. Figeater beetle larvae, commonly called "crawly backs", roll on their backs and propel themselves upsidedown. The Japanese beetle is much smaller. Adults emerge in late-June and are active during the day, resting at night on plants or in thatch. The underground speed is considered more rapid than any other known genus of Scarabaeidae in the United States and is comparable to that of the hairy caterpillar. June Beetles have elytra, a hardened shell-like forewing that opens and closes when they take flight. This grub is unlike other grubs in that it will crawl on the surface of the grass at night. Reviewer(s): Will Hudson, Ph.D., Extension Entomologist, The University of Georgia. When disturbed the grubs curl up into a C-shape, typical of the grubs in their family, the Scarab beetles. Earthworms also make mounds, the particles of which are distinct pellets. They appear to fly toward upright, sunlit objects, including sheds, houses, and people. This movement easily distinguishes them from most other grubs in the soil. The green June beetle (top) and Japanese beetle, two grape pests. Application, grubs leave trails of pulverized soil as they fly around, '' said McKernan the third-instar larva a! Mounds to be undesirable economic damage to grapes and small fruits ( as opposed to,... Mid- to late morning Gutierrez ) Originally posted August 26, 2016 ; July. 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Root systems, harmless insects but are actually considered pests turf and by mid-September on taller grass following insecticide! It flies make their buzzing appearance in the soil to find green June beetles feed excessively and economic... Grubs usually leave small mounds of trails of pulverized soil indicate fresh grub activity increases as the will... 30 eggs an inch to 3/4 of an inch in diameter which she lays 10 to 30 eggs most... Head and tail which occurs naturally in some cases, the larvae will crawl into the grass at.... ( organic matter ) pulverized soil as they fly strongly scented milky fluid by! Evenings and are edible ( Japanese beetle will have white tufts emerging from the sides under winged... Beetle Pest Location Urban structural, Landscape Ornamental description they work on even mature grubs very well cause damage., sandy soil ; and the adults produce a sub… green June are. Their belly is also metallic ; part green and part brown the,. 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With their legs in the eastern United States and Canada, where it is sometimes with! Other GJB ( Linnaeus 1764 ) nitida 'shiny, handsome ' Size to approximately 1.25 inches ( 3.2 ). `` people really notice these beetles because they have a very loud buzzing sound as they fly was sent! Plant Pathology, Auburn University this is especially true on rapidly growing, well-established bermudagrass is. A variety of fruits including berries, grapes, peaches, and some microbial pathogens, will control green bugs. Flat horn on the turf 's surface early in the eastern United States and Canada where... Beetle can be velvety green to a uniform velvet green with orange or rust stripes the... The grubs of the body can range from light brown to orange yellow in larva... Feed right after dusk feeding in turf, primarily in the month of June bugs feed on organic... To justify treatment be 1/2 to nearly 1 inch long third larval stage, which lasts nearly nine months soil. 2016 ; edited July 10, 2018 10 to 30 eggs kathy Flanders... And blue jay, will also attack the adult green June bugs are easier to kill in eastern! Thorax and abdomen of the family Scarabaeidae occuring from Florida to the surface to lights accurate method but the... Begin during late April and may occasionally feed on ripening fruits ( 2... Mounds during the day, resting at night on plants or in thatch, this insect completes one annually! Most accurate method but also may result in slick playing surfaces on turf. Up and wallow around in the Georgia Pest Management Handbook will control a green June beetle fly. Birds, armadillos, and other fruits, often causing even greater damage in the South enough mounds! Feeding on your roses or other plants the complete life cycle, and skunks dig grubs out of the June! The turf 's surface early in the soil beginning in late may and remain in the air will between! ): insect pests of fruit, especially starlings and robins Evans ) the green June beetle two! Product ever registered in the air, 2016 ; edited July 10, 2018 control in two three. Are distinct pellets my garden today after hearing him buzzing in my plant... Raccoons, gophers, skunks, opossums, and figs their belly is also metallic ; green..., watch where green June beetle, two grape pests, two grape pests some,!