“When” questions are rarely considered: the purpose of the exercise is to establish a tension between a stable (or predictably-changing) past and a snapshot of the present, to generate insights into continuity and change. They undertake research to study the contemporary religious landscape, interpret this snapshot in time by framing it within a particular model of fixed, linear change, and then make predictions about the future. Contemporary Approaches to the Study of Religion. Religionsgeschichtliche Schule, (German: “history of religions school”) in the study of religion and particularly in the study of biblical literature, an approach that emphasized the degree to which the Bible and the ideas contained within it were the products of their cultural milieu. natural and social sciences, the humanities, and psychology. Theory. Some major developments and issues under debate since 1950. in F Whaling (ed. Sociologists of digital religion are still not as interested in the connection between “when” and “why” as Callum Brown might like, but clear progress is being made to forge connections with historians. Another significant approach in the study of Comparative Religion is to examine religion from a perspective that seem to describe your stance. In this episode, Knut interviews Professor Cook about his decision to go into history in the first place, about his writing process, the role of the humanities, his reflections about teaching, and why he finds it so important to get the details right. A Response to Callum Brown: Connecting “When” and “Why” in Digital Religion. Anthropological Approaches David N. Gellner The historical development of anthropological approaches Just what anthropology is supposed to be about has changed con- siderably over rime. This week, we are pleased to bring you a double re-post in response to our double podcast with John Wolffe & Ronald Hutton on Historical Approaches to the Study of Religion. He also emphasises the value of demographics, arguing that sophisticated analyses of census data reveal that people develop ‘an entirely new sense of self’ when they leave religion. This is a fascinating and challenging claim, but I have chosen to focus in this response on another of the main themes of this podcast: the relationship between history and sociology. “Let there be digital networks and God will provide growth?” Comparing the aims and hopes of 19th-century and post-millenial Christianity. We hope you enjoy these different takes on this week’s central theme. Rather than following a chronological structure or dealing with individual denominations, it examines religious issues through (a) the perspectives of different academic disciplines and (b) coverage of key themes. phenomenology of religion is one of the major approaches within religious studies. of humanity-in-time; related disciplines, interactions between history and the Scholars and commentators interested in digital culture and its significance for religion have struggled to distinguish what is truly new from what has come before, and continue to search for helpful ways to talk about change. Historical, social scientific, and psychological approaches to the study of religion have much to tell us. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution- NonCommercial- NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. The forms of religious community observed online are not unique after all, they argue: they actually continue long-running trajectories of social change from groups to networks (Wellman 2012) or from stable to fluid religious … Following his Albert Moore Memorial Lecture at Otago University, celebrating 50 years of Religious Studies at Otago, Professor Wesley Wildman talks to Thomas White regarding the integration of the sciences and the humanities in his bio-cultural approach to the study of religion. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Start studying Five Approaches to studying religion. If you do, you can subscribe to receive our weekly podcast through iTunes and other portals. As the RSP continues to grow, we're going to be returning more frequently to topics and themes which have already been touched upon in previous podcasts and features. Toys, Rabbits, and Princess Diana - three things that may not seem at all connected. King, UM 1995, Historical and Phenomenological Approaches to the Study of Religion. Tim Hutchings: "My own field of research is digital religion, an area with a particularly troubled relationship to history. Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject. According to Frank Whaling, a working summary of what constitutes the ‘study of religion’ is: “The notion that such a study is the objective and comparative study of religion. Scholars and commentators interested in digital culture and its significance for religion have struggled to distinguish what is truly new from what has come before, and continue to search for helpful ways to talk about change." This … People want an identity and may be clutching at something that can be a bit confrontational, for example, Muslims looking for an identity rooted in current conflicts in the Middle East, rather than reflecting on what is quite a long-standing presence in British society and culture.". This podcast is an excellent provocation to think harder about the questions we overlook and the interdisciplinary conversations that might help us uncover them. The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and theoretical approaches. The issue of methodological approach in the study of religion has remained an enigma to many scholars of science of religion (religionswissenshaft) for many centuries. However, when one starts to question the notion of grief, bereavement, and death in the contemporary West, these three are more connected than appears. You can also use our Amazon.co.uk or Amazon.com links to support us when buying your important books, clothes, diving equipment etc. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Contemporary digital technology challenges this stability by supporting fluid, self-determined, global communication networks, so the argument goes, and these changes will intensify in the near future. 484 BCE – 425 BCE). How can we use historical approaches in the study of religion? The electronic version of History and Theory is The primary impulse that prompts many to study religion, however, happens to be the Western one. Chantepie de la Saussaye. Because the major cultural traditions of Europe, the Middle East, India, and China have been independent over long periods, no single history of the study of religion exists. 550 BCE – ca. This … In the broadest terms, three approaches are generally taken to the scholarly study of religion: the historical, the phenomenological, and the behavioral or social - scientific. The Study of Religion : A Historical Approach (1967), such discoveries were seldom considered in their own right; seldom allowed to `speak for themselves' . Wiley is a global provider of content and content-enabled workflow solutions in areas of scientific, technical, medical, and scholarly research; professional development; and education. A history of religion goes beyond articulat­ Her argument is simple and intuitively appealing, contrasting a recognisable snapshot of everyday life with a widely-accepted vision of the recent past and calling for immediate action to rescue the future, and her article has provoked much discussion online in recent weeks. theoretical dimensions of historians' debates; history of historiography, theory Intellectual historians and students of political thought study religious traditions as coherent, inter-generational, scholarly bodies of thought — the “Islamic” or the “Christian” or the “Confucian” tradition, for example. In this podcast, Breann Fallon interviews Professor Douglas Ezzy of the University of Tasmania on the power of symbols... Journal of Religion, Media & Digital Culture, John Wolffe and Ronald Hutton on Historical Approaches, https://media.blubrry.com/the_religious_studies_project/p/www.religiousstudiesproject.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/RSP69-Historical.mp3, John Wolffe & Ronald Hutton on Historical Approaches to the Study of Religion, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License, http://freq.uenci.es/2011/09/07/telegraph/, http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/22/opinion/sunday/the-flight-from-conversation.html, Witchcraft and Demonic Possession in Early Modern England, The Holberg Prize 2014 Episode With Michael Cook, “Bigger Things Do Rest On Smaller Things.”, ‘Modelling Religion’ and the Integration of the Sciences and the Humanities in the Bio-cultural Study of Religion, Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organization (SCIO). These (and others) are all legitimate uses of the concept of religion. Scholars of media and religion have tried to challenge this approach over the last decade by framing their observations within a more rigorous historical perspective. Religion is a complex phenomenon, defying definition or summary. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. History of the study of religion. According to Brown, there is a “huge gap” in method, approach and interests between the two disciplines. History and Theory is the premier international journal in the field Mircea Eliade and other defend ers of phenomenology of religion, in responding to the "reductive" approach advocated by some, have sometimes reacted by over-stressing problematic claims historically used to ground phenomenology of reli de Gruyter, pp. In the most common forms of this argument, the past is characterised by stable local communities, face-to-face relationships and a secure, unchanging personal identity. Recent examples include Jeremy Stolow’s keynote speech on the spirituality of the telegraph, delivered to the Digital Religion conference in Colorado earlier this year (see Stolow 2011), and Stefan Gelfgren’s work (2012) on the history of religious attitudes to media. Emeritus Professor Philip Almond discusses his work on witchcraft and demonic possession in early modern England, including issues such as the "familiar cultural script" that was usually played out, the strategic interests of those making accusations, and the broader context of post-Reformation turmoil in which confessional claims to truth took on new urgency. Professor Michael Cook, winner of the Holberg Prize 2014, has had a huge influence on the historical study of Islam. He is also the editor of the Journal of Religion, Media & Digital Culture. Many other scholars have tried to complicate popular understandings of the past and present of media religion, undertaking detailed comparative studies to show that religious authority, community and identity have not changed in the ways some observers allege. The Religious Studies Project is produced by the Religious Studies Project Association (SCIO), a Scottish Charitable Incorporated Organisation (charity number SC047750). As the RSP continues to grow, we’re going to be returning more frequently to topics and themes which have already been touched upon in previous podcasts and features. 8, Beiheft 8: On Method in the History of Religions (1968), Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. History and Theory It goes without saying that ‘religion’ is a topic that frequently finds itself in the media spotlight. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The views expressed in podcasts, features and responses are the views of the individual contributors, and do not necessarily reflect the views of The Religious Studies Project or our sponsors. It has been argued that religious studies is a polymethodic discipline, and that the student of religion should be familiar with the approaches of the major disciplines concerned with understanding the nature of religion, not least because the approach adopted has profound influence on the phenomena chose for investigation and the conclusions … areas: critical philosophy of history, cause, explanation, interpretation, objectivity; In classical studies, the 19th century approach to higher criticism set aside "efforts to fill ancient religion with direct meaning and relevance and devoted itself instead to the critical collection and chronological ordering of the source material." publishes articles, review essays, and summaries of books principally in these This material is disseminated under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. Different observers have interpreted this same basic approach in positive, neutral and negative ways, seeing technology as the route to new spiritual awareness (Cobb 1998), a powerful tool that can be used to promote an unchanging religious message to the new mission field of digital culture (Estes 2009, Sweet 2012), or a dangerous threat to church, character and society. (Peter Connolly,pp1-2Approche to the Study of Religion,Biddles L.T.D.) First, in the following podcast – first ‘broadcast’ on 30 April 2012, and later selected as one of our editors’ picks the following summer – Louise Connelly introduces Chris’s interview with Professor Callum Brown. Peter the Venerable, also working in the twelfth century, studied Isla… Tim Hutchings is a sociologist of religion, media and culture, and currently Research Fellow at the Open University. On the whole, in the ancient world and in the Middle Ages the various approaches to religion grew out … Marxism, deconstruction, gender theory, psychoanalysis; time and culture, conceptions This team-taught 1-term option complements other modules by focusing on the meanings and significance of 'religion' in a variety of historical settings. Professor Callum Brown tells us why historical approaches have much to tell us about religious change. (PDF) Theological Approaches to the Study of Religion US textbook | Paul Hedges - Academia.edu In the development of the study of religion as a new discipline in the twentieth century, the pioneers of the field were often at pains to stress that what they did was different from theology. All Rights Reserved. Sociologists, he argues, believe that the world is governed by rules. Because interactionists study one-on-one, everyday interactions between individuals, a scholar using this approach might ask questions focused on this dynamic. The forms of religious community observed online are not unique after all, they argue: they actually continue long-running trajectories of social change from groups to networks (Wellman 2012) or from stable to fluid religious identities (Wagner 2012). and can be distributed and utilised freely, provided full citation is given. The immanent internet redux. Instead of collecting snapshots, historians map change year-on-year, using that longitudinal data to establish the effects of key events. and practice of past historians and philosophers of history; historical methodology, Second, Dr Tim Hutchings – who has also been an interviewee on the RSP, and participated in our ‘Religion in the News Panel Session’ – wrote the following response essay to Professor Brown’s interview. Wiley has published the works of more than 450 Nobel laureates in all categories: Literature, Economics, Physiology or Medicine, Physics, Chemistry, and Peace. 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